THE IMPACT OF JOB EMBEDDEDNESS, JOB INSECURITY, AND JOB AUTONOMY ON TURNOVER INTENTION: ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AS THE MEDIATING EFFECT

Authors

  • Ms. Amna Ashfaq Research Scholar, KIET
  • Dr. Khizar Hayat Assistant Professor, Iqra University Karachi
  • Dr. Atif Aziz Associate Professor, Iqra University

Keywords:

Commitment, Employee Turnover, Performance, Banking Sector

Abstract

Due to intense competition in the banking sector, employee performance is a crucial developmental factor. Turnover remains a significant issue for banks, with approximately 35% of banks in Pakistan facing this challenge due to various factors such as job satisfaction, organizational culture, and job insecurity, which impact organizational commitment and turnover rates (Aisha Ashraf, 2019). This sector is witnessing rapid growth and operates with a large staff. Turnover intention arises when employees become less committed to their organizations, feel unfocused, and experience dissatisfaction, leading to a desire to leave the organization. Improving employee commitment has become increasingly complex in today's workforce, and a high turnover rate can significantly impact a company's performance and productivity. Various factors influence employee turnover intentions, including organizational reputation, communication, and commitment. This study explores the mediating role of organizational commitment in turnover intention, with job insecurity, job embeddedness, and job autonomy as independent variables influencing turnover intention. A cross-sectional questionnaire was employed to collect data from 278 employees of Bank Al Habib Limited, Askari Bank Limited, and Habib Bank Limited in Karachi. The study utilized deductive reasoning to test hypotheses, aiming to achieve its objectives through survey questionnaires. Non-probability sampling, specifically convenient sampling, was employed as it was not feasible for the researcher to access all employees in the banking sector. The survey instrument consisted of five constructs with twenty-eight indicators, detailed in the literature review, measured on a 5-point Likert scale. The findings indicate a significant relationship between job embeddedness, job insecurity, job autonomy, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. This study's scope could be expanded to include other regions or sectors of Pakistan to enhance its reliability.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Ashfaq, A., Hayat, K., & Aziz, A. (2023). THE IMPACT OF JOB EMBEDDEDNESS, JOB INSECURITY, AND JOB AUTONOMY ON TURNOVER INTENTION: ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AS THE MEDIATING EFFECT. Journal for Business Education and Management, 3(2), 157–176. Retrieved from https://journals.csrpublisher.com/index.php/jbem/article/view/82